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      每日學英語
      daily-english
      用微信學英語,讓英語學習成為一種習慣.可以學到精彩短句、口語,還可以查單詞,搜英語資料.

      invaluable和valuable意思相反?搞錯可就尷尬了!

      2019-07-31 08:52:07  每日學英語

      In many words, IN- means the opposite or “not”:

      在很多單詞里,IN-前綴都是相反的或“不”的意思:

      ?

      inconsistent = NOT consistent 不一致的

      insufficient = NOT sufficient 不足的

      independent = NOT dependent 獨立的,不依賴的

      incorrect = NOT correct 錯誤的,不正確的

      However, there are some exceptions that might be confusing

      但其實并不是所有的詞都是這樣,也是有例外的

       

       
      VALUABLE VS. INVALUABLE
       

       

      If something is valuable, it means it is worth a lot of money, or is very important. A gold necklace is valuable – it might cost $1,000.

      如果某物是valuable,意思是它值很多錢,或者非常重要。一條金項鏈很值錢——可能要1000美元。

       

      反義詞

       

      You might imagine that invaluable means “not valuable” – but that’s not true! The word invaluable means extremely valuable; the value is so great that it is impossible to measure. A unique and famous painting like the Mona Lisa is invaluable.

      你可能自然而然地就認為invaluable的意思是沒有價值,但事實并非如此!Invaluable的意思是極其貴重的;它的價值是如此之大,以致于無法衡量。像《蒙娜麗莎》這樣獨一無二,舉世無雙的畫作是無價的。

       

      反義詞

       

      You can also describe non-physical things as invaluable – for example, if someone gave you advice that drastically changed your life for the better, you could say that their advice was invaluable – it was SO valuable and SO important that it’s impossible to measure how much it was worth.

      你也可以把非物質的東西描述為無價之寶,例如,如果有人給你的建議徹底改變了你的生活,你可以說他們的建議是無價之寶——它是如此貴重并且重要以至于無法去衡量它的價值。

      valuable / vælj?b(?)l/ adj. 貴重的;有價值的;可估價的

      invaluable /?n vælj?(?)b(?)l/ adj. 無法估計的, 非常寶貴的

       

       
      FAMOUS VS. INFAMOUS
       

       

      The adjective famous describes someone or something that a lot of people know about.

      形容詞famous描述的是很多人都知道的人或事。

       

      反義詞

       

      Does infamous mean the opposite, “not famous”? No! Infamous means being famous for a BAD reason. For example, a criminal who has robbed 10 big banks would be an infamous bank robber – a lot of people know about him, but it’s because of something negative, because of his bad behavior.

      那infamous就是它的反義詞“不出名”的意思嗎?不是!Infamous的意思是因為不好的原因而出名。例如,一個搶劫了10家大銀行的罪犯會是一個臭名昭著的銀行搶劫犯——很多人都知道他,但這是因為一些負面的東西,因為他的壞行為。

       

      反義詞

       

      A person is infamous when they have a very bad reputation that is known by a lot of people. We can also use this word for things that are not people.

      當一個人有很多人都知道的壞名聲時,他就是臭名昭著的。我們也可以用這個詞來形容非人類的事物。

      If there’s a city that has terrible traffic all the time, we can talk about the infamous traffic jams there – again, well-known for a bad reason.

      如果有一個城市的交通一直很糟糕,我們可以說那里有臭名昭著的交通狀況,由于眾所周知的一個壞事情而被周知。

      famous / fe?m?s/ adj. 著名的;[口]極好的,非常令人滿意的

      infamous / ?nf?m?s/ adj. 無恥的;聲名狼藉的;邪惡的;不名譽的

      Note that there’s a pronunciation difference as well:

      注意一下這兩個詞發音上的不同:

      FA-mous (“a” like in “name”, stress on “FA”)

      a像是name里a的發音,重音在fa

      IN-fa-mous (“a” sounds like “uh”, stress on “IN”)

      a像是uh的發音,比較輕,重音在in

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