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      把他們一個人留在家里

      所屬教程:科學前沿

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      tianxiaoyu

      2019年08月06日

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      Leaving Them Home Alone

      把他們一個人留在家里

      Parents’ busy schedules don’t always align with the demands of a new school year. With competing priorities inside and outside the home, some parents must decide whether their school-aged child can be left home alone for parts of the day. Whether parents are running a quick errand or working after school has let out, many factors should be considered before handing over the house key to a child.

      家長們繁忙的時間表并不總是與新學年的要求相一致。由于家庭內部和外部的優先事項相互競爭,一些家長必須決定是否可以讓學齡兒童獨自在家呆上一段時間。無論父母是在跑腿還是放學后工作,在把房子鑰匙交給孩子之前,都應該考慮很多因素。

      把他們一個人留在家里

      According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Child Welfare Information Gateway, only three states have laws regarding a minimum age for leaving a child unsupervised at home (Illinois, age 14; Maryland, age 8; Oregon, age 10), while other states offer guidelines. “Parents should be aware that if their state does not outline the legalities of leaving their children alone, the courts do recognize the child’s maturity level, the safety of the child, how long the child was left alone and the parents’ concern for the child’s overall welfare and steps taken to ensure their safety,” says Rolanda Mitchell, an education counselor at North Carolina State University.

      根據美國衛生與公眾服務部的兒童福利信息門戶網站,只有三個州有法律規定將兒童置于無人看管的家中的最低年齡(伊利諾伊州,14歲;馬里蘭,8歲;俄勒岡州,10歲,而其他州提供指導方針。“父母應該意識到是否他們國家沒有列出獨自離開孩子的義務,法院決定孩子的成熟度級別,孩子的安全,孩子多長時間獨處,父母關心孩子的總體福利和采取措施保護他們的安全,“Rolanda米切爾,北卡州立大學的一個教育顧問說。

      What to Consider

      要考慮哪些方面

      “Parents should look for signs of responsibility when their children are with them before leaving them home alone. Are they able to follow directions without being told repeatedly? Do they only follow directions if you are there watching? If they only follow the rules when you’re watching, it’s unlikely that they will follow them when they are home alone,” Mitchell says. “School behavior can also be a good indicator because school is where children spend the most of their time without their parents watching. If they’re misbehaving or violating rules, they may do the same when they’re home alone.”

      “當孩子獨自在家之前,父母應該在孩子和他們在一起的時候尋找責任的跡象。他們能在不被反復告知的情況下遵循指示嗎?只有在你在場的時候,他們才會遵循指示嗎?如果他們只在你看的時候遵守規則,那么他們一個人在家的時候就不太可能遵守規則。“學校行為也是一個很好的指標,因為學校是孩子們大部分時間都呆在沒有父母看管的地方。如果他們行為不端或違反規定,他們獨自在家時可能也會這么做。”

      Set Ground Rules

      設定基本規則

      Talk with your children to find out how they feel about shouldering the responsibility of staying home alone. Some children may be ready for it, while others may hesitate or be afraid. Parents should let their children know what’s expected of them, including setting a consequence and reward system. “The child should know what will happen if they don’t follow the rules. Additional television or computer time, or even getting to choose what’s for dinner can give them some incentive to do the right thing,” says Mitchell.

      和你的孩子談談,看看他們如何看待獨自在家的責任。一些孩子可能已經準備好了,而另一些孩子可能會猶豫或害怕。父母應該讓他們的孩子知道對他們的期望,包括設定一個結果和獎勵制度。“孩子應該知道如果他們不遵守規則會發生什么。額外的看電視或玩電腦的時間,甚至是選擇晚餐吃什么都能給他們一些動力去做正確的事情,”米切爾說。

      Safety First

      安全第一

      Safety is another major concern for parents. In case of an emergency, children need to know what to do and whom to contact. This information should be written in a way the child can understand and posted in a place they can readily see. Parents should also make sure their child has access to a phone. Creating a check-in system will put both the parent’s and child’s minds at ease about this new adventure.

      安全是父母們關心的另一個主要問題。在緊急情況下,孩子們需要知道做什么和誰聯系。這些信息應該以孩子能理解的方式寫下來,并貼在他們能看到的地方。父母也應該確保他們的孩子有手機。創建一個簽到系統將會讓父母和孩子對這個新的冒險感到放心。

      Keep Your Child Occupied

      讓孩子有事做

      Tasks or completing educational activities are great ways to keep your child busy. “Give them chores to do that you have seen them complete successfully,” says Mitchell. “Start with giving them things assigned by the school such as homework, worksheets or assigned reading. It’s important to not only assign tasks, but to follow up to make sure it’s completed by asking to see it or asking for details about what they read.”

      任務或完成教育活動是讓孩子保持忙碌的好方法。米切爾說:“讓他們做你已經看到他們成功完成的家務。”“首先給他們學校布置的任務,比如家庭作業、工作表或指定閱讀材料。重要的是,不僅要分配任務,還要通過要求查看或詢問他們閱讀內容的細節來確保任務完成。”

      把他們一個人留在家里

      If you decide to let your child stay at home alone, there are benefits, explains Mitchell. “It demonstrates a great deal of trust between a parent and child and can strengthen the relationship.”

      如果你決定讓你的孩子獨自呆在家里,這是有好處的,米切爾解釋說。“這表明父母和孩子之間有很大的信任,可以加強關系。”


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